Thursday, January 21, 2010

who invented the cable?

John Walson was also the first cable operator to use microwave to import distant television stations, the first to use coaxial cable for improved picture quality, and the first to distribute pay television programming (HBO). Jerry J. Brooks XxPOOHxX

John Walson Visits
The Moon - Part 6
Artificial Artifacts Found World Exclusive
By Jeff Rense
All images and videotape footage ©2008 by John Lenard Walson. All Rights Reserved. Copying or Reproduction in any media are prohibited without written permission of and John Lenard Walson. All text is ©2008 Links are encouraged.
In John's latest trip to the moon, he videotaped something most extraordinary with his 8-inch modified Meade telescope. Here are some stills from the HD video he made of a ring-shaped UFO he observed flying over much of the lunar surface. Is this final proof that intelligently built, non-human space craft are out there?

discussion: Cable and Other Multichannels MEDA101

History of Cable Television

History of Cable Television

The 1940s and 1950s Cable television originated in the United States almost simultaneously in Arkansas, Oregon and Pennsylvania in 1948 to enhance poor reception of over-the-air television signals in mountainous or geographically remote areas. “Community antennas” were erected on mountain tops or other high points, and homes were connected to the antenna towers to receive the broadcast signals.

By 1952, 70 “cable” systems served 14,000 subscribers nationwide.

In the late 1950s, cable operators began to take advantage of their ability to pick up broadcast signals from hundreds of miles away. Access to these "distant signals" began to change the focus of cable’s role from one of transmitting local broadcast signals to one of providing new programming choices.

The 1960s By 1962, almost 800 cable systems serving 850,000 subscribers were in business. Well-known corporate names like Westinghouse, TelePrompTer and Cox began investing in the business, complementing the efforts of early entrepreneurs like Bill Daniels, Martin Malarkey and Jack Kent Cooke.

The growth of cable through the importation of distant signals was viewed as competition by local television stations. Responding to broadcast industry concerns, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) expanded its jurisdiction and placed restrictions on the ability of cable systems to import distant television signals. As a result of these restrictions, there was a “freeze” effect on the development of cable systems in major markets, lasting into the early ‘70s (see below).

The 1970s In the early 1970s, the FCC continued its restrictive policies by enacting regulations that limited the ability of cable operators to offer movies, sporting events, and syndicated programming.

The freeze on cable’s development lasted until 1972, when a policy of gradual cable deregulation led to, among other things, modified restrictions on the importation of distant signals. The clamp on growth had adverse financial effects, especially on access to capital. Money for cable growth and expansion all but dried up for several years.

However, concerted industry efforts at the federal, state, and local levels resulted in the continued lessening of restrictions on cable throughout the decade. These changes, coupled with cable’s pioneering of satellite communications technology, led to a pronounced growth of services to consumers and a substantial increase in cable subscribers.

In 1972, Charles Dolan and Gerald Levin of Sterling Manhattan Cable launched the nation’s first pay-TV network, Home Box Office (HBO). This venture led to the creation of a national satellite distribution system that used a newly approved domestic satellite transmission. Satellites changed the business dramatically, paving the way for the explosive growth of program networks.

The second service to use the satellite was a local television station in Atlanta that broadcast primarily sports and classic movies. The station, owned by R.E. "Ted" Turner, was distributed by satellite to cable systems nationwide, and soon became known as the first "superstation," WTBS.

By the end of the decade, growth had resumed, and nearly 16 million households were cable subscribers.

The 1980s The 1984 Cable Act established a more favorable regulatory framework for the industry, stimulating investment in cable plant and programming on an unprecedented level.

Deregulation provided by the 1984 Act had a strong positive effect on the rapid growth of cable services. From 1984 through 1992, the industry spent more than $15 billion on the wiring of America, and billions more on program development. This was the largest private construction project since World War II.

Satellite delivery, combined with the federal government’s relaxation of cable’s restrictive regulatory structure, allowed the cable industry to become a major force in providing high quality video entertainment and information to consumers. By the end of the decade, nearly 53 million households subscribed to cable, and cable program networks had increased from 28 in 1980 to 79 by 1989. Some of this growth, however, was accompanied by rising prices for consumers, incurring growing concern among policy makers.

The 1990s In 1992, Congress responded to cable price increases and other market factors with legislation that once again hampered cable growth and opened heretofore “exclusive” cable programming to other competitive distribution technologies such as “wireless cable” and the emerging direct satellite broadcast (DBS) business.

In spite of the effect of the 92 Act, the number of satellite networks continued their explosive growth, based largely on the alternative idea of targeting programming to a specific "niche” audience. By the end of 1995, there were 139 cable programming services available nationwide, in addition to many regional programming networks. By the spring of 1998, the number of national cable video networks had grown to 171.

By that time, the average subscriber could choose from a wide selection of quality programming, with more than 57 percent of all subscribers receiving at least 54 channels, up from 47 in 1996. And at the end of the decade, approximately 7 in 10 television households, more than 65 million, had opted to subscribe to cable.

Also during the latter half of the decade, cable operating companies commenced a major upgrade of their distribution networks, investing $65 billion between 1996 and 2002 to build higher capacity hybrid networks of fiber optic and coaxial cable. These “broadband” networks can provide multichannel video, two-way voice, high-speed Internet access, and high definition and advanced digital video services all on a single wire into the home.

The upgrade to broadband networks enabled cable companies to introduce high-speed Internet access to customers in the mid-90s, and competitive local telephone and digital cable services later in the decade.

Enactment of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 once again dramatically altered the regulatory and public policy landscape for telecommunications services, spurring new competition and greater choice for consumers. It also spurred major new investment, with America’s then-largest telecommunications colossus, AT&T, entering the business in 1998, though exiting four years later (see below). Almost simultaneously, Paul Allen, a founder of Microsoft, began acquiring his own stable of cable properties. And America On-Line moved on an historic merger with Time Warner and its cable properties, to form AOL Time Warner.

A generally deregulatory environment for cable operating and programming companies enabled the cable industry to accelerate deployment of broadband services, allowing consumers in urban, suburban, and rural areas to entertain more choices in information, communications, and entertainment services.

2000 and Beyond Arrival of the new millennium brought with it hopes and plans for acceleration of advanced services over cable’s broadband networks.

As the new millennium got under way, cable companies began pilot testing video services that could change the way people watch television. Among these: video on demand, subscription video on demand, and interactive TV. The industry was proceeding cautiously in these arenas, because the cost of upgrading customer-premise equipment for compatibility with these services was substantial and required new business models that were both expansive and expensive.

In 2001, partly in response to those demands, AT&T agreed to fold its cable systems with those of Comcast Corp., creating the largest ever cable operator with more than 22 million customers.

Lower cost digital set-top boxes that started to become the norm in customer homes in the mid 1990s proved effective in accommodating the launch of many of the new video services. In general, however, more expensive technology would still be required for cable to begin delivery of advances such as high definition television services, being slowly introduced by off-air broadcast stations as well as by cable networks such as HBO, Showtime, Discovery, and ESPN.

By 2002, the cable landscape largely reflected the findings of a study sponsored by the Cable & Telecommunications Association for Marketing (CTAM). The study showed that roughly two of every three U.S. households had access to three cutting-edge communication tools: cable television, cellular phones and personal computers. Digital cable could be found in 18 percent of U.S. television homes, suggesting an overall digital cable penetration among cable customers in the range of 27 percent. As for data services, the research revealed that 20 percent of cable customers with PCs are using high-speed modems today.

Cable operators with upgraded two-way plant have been witnessing dramatic growth in “broadband” data. Cable has quickly become the technology of choice for such services, outpacing rival technologies, such as digital subscriber line (DSL) service, offered by phone companies, by a margin of 2 to 1. Subscribership to high-speed Internet access service via cable modems had grown to more than 10 million by the end of the third quarter of 2002.

As for telephone service using the cable conduit, growth was evident in all the limited market areas where such service was offered. More than 2 million customers were using cable for their phone connections by mid 2002.

To accommodate accelerating demand, cable programmers are rapidly expanding their menu of digital cable offerings. By 2002, about 280 nationally-delivered cable networks were available, with that number growing steadily.

At the end of 2002, the consumer electronics and cable industries reached a “plug-and-play” agreement that allowed “one-way” digital television sets to be connected directly to cable systems without the need for a set-top box. These new sets are marketed under the name Digital Cable Ready television sets (DCRs). A security device called a CableCARD is provided by cable operators to allow cable customers to view encrypted digital programming after it is authorized to do so by the cable operator. Talks to resolve issues related to “two-way” digital television sets began in 2003 and continue.

The digital TV transition leapt forward in 2003, as substantial gains were made in the deployment of High-Definition Television (HDTV), Video-on-Demand (VOD), digital cable, and other advanced services. Competitive digital phone service gained momentum as cable introduced Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) telephone services. At the start of 2006, cable companies counted a total of about 5 million telephone customers, representing VoIP customers and customers for traditional circuit switched telephone service.

An NCTA survey of the top 10 MSOs showed that by September 1 of 2004, 700 CableCARDs were installed. By mid-November, that number had grown to over 5,000 CableCARDs. One year later, at the end of 2005, NCTA estimated that number had reached 100,000.

Results at the end of the Third Quarter of 2005 provide ample evidence of the growth potential of cable's new position as a broadband provider. Cable’s capital expenditures reached $100 billion. Cable’s high-speed Internet service ended the quarter with 24.3 million subscribers, and the number of digital cable customers had grown to 27.6 million.

More on the History of Cable Television

cable TV

Show me everything on IPTV and Video on Demand

DEFINITION - Cable TV is also known as "CATV" (community antenna television). In addition to bringing television programs to those millions of people throughout the world who are connected to a community antenna, cable TV will likely become a popular way to interact with the World Wide Web and other new forms of multimedia information and entertainment services.

Also see cable modem, interactive TV, and WebTV.

Note: Hello meda 101 pipz sorry lacking na reformat ang comp na gnamit ko sa reporting and have to update and another slides pa. I'l just send after nalang sa emails nyo..

emotional appeal sample advertisement

January 22, 2010
Paper # 4
Nido Expose Explore Experience TV Commercial: Let them grow. Let them go.
Often we see more and more advertisement. This advertisement shows different techniques and styles used as an effective tool to inform and persuade target audience -hey! we're here. Usually, see on television, on newspaper and even on the Internet.
Drama, humor, statistics, comparisons, testimonials, endorsement and emotional appeal are the styles found in advertisement that works by changing your attitudes logically or emotionally , as audience reacts for a particular advertising techniques.
In this article, I just want to site emotional appeal as the most powerful example used all over the place of marketing and advertisement. Emotional appeal is the most difficult technique to use but the most effective when used properly, as discussed in our advertisement and public relation class yesterday. I don't find it as it will convey about accuracy, because I believe the core of emotional appeal is about selling.
Then, I started to ponder and search for a good example commercial in Philippine context that will serve as one of the emotional appeal advertisement. How about the “ Nido Milk Expose, Experience Explore TV commercial: Let them grow. Let them go. In this commercial , you can see that they let kids be as kids, has new sight apart from those stereotypical commercial of kids, trying to challenge or compete mature role. Really adorable ( cute) commercial with admirable values. The said commercial has balance thought of emotion combined by its talent. It also provides a catchy copy for the recall memory of the end user. The commercial also sight a product that provides and help kids to act properly, to have a good manner indeed. There is also this scene showing funny moments but touching and realization goes like playing with your friends in a rain so wet is much worthy and fun than playing alone with your break game, psp or personal computer. It shows that children are naturally curious about their environment. Making experiences own their own as they love to try new things. Nido is much as a giver as they gave health to children to be protected to disease so they can enjoy life.
Let them grow. Let them go as the tag line of Nido Milk TV commercial tends to give best message that will always linger in our mind and in our hearts -it is through experience that we learn best. Not just listening or being able to pay attention has involvement; it is where kids render an active participation in learning process.
Before ending this I just want to add one line that touches me most and give me a way to think as the little boy uttered “ sorry na” ( begging for forgiveness) because of his mistakes. Now, I know why my mother chose Nido milk for us. I am glad.=)

Wednesday, January 20, 2010

from fs blog



One of them is lying. Kind of movie that was doomed on the eyes of viewers, same by an problematic premise and ill-cogent character motivation.
Benjamin Barry ( Matthew McConaughey) is an advertising executive and ladies’ who to win a big campaign, bets that he can make woman fall in love him in 10 days. Andie Anderson covers the ” How to lose a guy in 10 days? ” beat for ” composure”magazine and is assigned to write an article on How to lose a guy in 10 days , meet in a bar shortly after the bet is made . ( Just as Public Distance turned to Intimate distance zone? )
:“People from all over the world have different perspectives of what behaviors are considered appropriate for a specific setting. When these behaviors impact other people in a negative way, expectancy violations has occurred. In “How to Lose a Guy in 10 days,” this theory identifies with the nature of two people meeting to form a potential relationship. When forming a relationship, both individuals have “preconceived Italicexpectations” on how the other person will engage in conversation (Biernat & Billings, 1999). However, men and women hold different views on relationship expectations (Cohen, 2007).

I got glued in this movie. Well, in fact I never consider myself as an ignorant with this type of uninteresting movie ( Peace (: ). But,why does I decided to watch this movie if it viewed as ” UNINTERESTING?”. It’s my task.. I better do.

Last, 2 weeks we were given a 3 hours to watch and analyze this movie. Find it vague , really. In the long run, I got fine and I must continue.

How technical, foooof!. Thinking further is quite intricate for me to analyze this movie, Expectancy Violation Theory match to ” HOW TO LOSE A GUY IN JUST 10 DAYS?”

First, we need to know how did the movie being linked in the given theory.
From the very genesis or perhaps, it’s too cogent to have alots of covered critiques and reactions.
Spectators and readers of the story may find many consumptions, reactions that were being violated in different events.
The scenario that was being shown in the movie fed lessons towards the expected outcome flown in this movie.

Indeed, ” Expectancy Violation Theory”, there were 60/100 resulted violation. To be dearth in some points of desired expectation from both casts.
Hey, does it sounds fair if we won’t find any violations ” HOW TO LOSE A GUY IN 10 DAYS?”.

Violation occurs anytime, it may be in non-verbal or verbal. As we attached this in given 4 personal space zone, we find it as vague.

“Sometimes you play well and deserve to win but you end up losing. The most important thing for us is to make sure we’re consistent throughout the season”.

In Proxemics we’ll have an idea to justify this thing. Here we may find an obviuos results in relation to their becoming “relationship”. Both of them are intimate to one another. Does ” violation valence’” as resulted to the communicator influence how the violation will affect communication outcomes it could be negative or positve depending to who’s doing the said behavior. Just like this when - she’s trying to lose him, in the contrary Bejamin is doing whatever it takes to keep here! We can see an conclude here that by trying there were many scenes that was being violated in the expection of Andie. Same with Benjamin expectation doing his best to win Andie.

EVT helped me to give my first and final analysis, even though I was in the stage of ambiguous mind because when you ” Love” it must be in the next to next steps. Perhaps, it’s really in own contest. Personal space is too invisible does we find it hard to always rely in our own expectations.

Does EVT exists in this stupid line? ” You never lose by loving. You always lose by holding back”.

Well, it’s now interesting

God speaking

God Is Speaking

Can you hear God speaking?
He’s talking to you now.
If you don’t it’s because you’re not listening
Or you don’t understand how.
The whisper of the wind,
The rustle of the breeze blown leaves,
The patter of the rain,
His voice is all of these.
The smile of a stranger,
The sunshine in the morn,
It’s the twinkle of the stars above
As another babe is born.
The Lord’s language is simplicity,
Not made of nouns and verbs.
It’s in the blooming of rose,
It’s in the growing of the herbs.
His words are in this beauty,
Seen only by the wise.
It’s what we take the time to view,
And what we will recognize.
Our Creator gave us everything,
We need not ask for more.
Give him thanks for what we have,
Give him thanks for what’s in store.

Thursday, December 10, 2009

the same love

How can the same love
That made me so happy
Make me so sad?
I don`t understand
How could the same eyes
That used to be laughing
Cry in the night?
It doesn`t seem right at all

Remembering the nights we held onto each other,
The times you told me you`d never love another
(Remember when) I was all you ever needed
Where are you when I need you now?

Sunny days
Have left me standing in the rain (standing in the rain)
Can somebody tell me how?
-We've run out of words
We've run out of time  We've run out of reasons  Really, why are we together?  We both know it's over, baby  Bottom line  It's best we don't even talk at all  

Monday, November 23, 2009

Go ME na To.. ( Magazine So Cady..)

CANDY magazine was launched June 2005 to showcase Irish creativity alongside international equivalents to a worldwide audience. Since then 10 downloadable pdf format issues have been released to local and international acclaim and our focus has changed somewhat to showcasing and promoting great creatives and their work wherever they may be.

CANDY is, and will always be, digitally produced and distributed as we believe that, above even the obvious ecological benefits, this is the quickest, easiest and most cost effective way of making sure as many people as possible see the people and projects featured in our magazine. Once we publish a new issue and upload it’s there for anyone to download, simple.

Why love it so..

says another girl,At first, I thought that this magazine was too colorful for me so I just ignored it. Later, I was so intrigued why my daughter loves to read it so yesterday, I tried to scanned the pages of Candy magazine.

I consider this magazine a both a fashion magazine and an advertising magazine. Teen styles from shoes, pants, dresses, bags, to accessories are found here in this magazine, most of them very expensive for an average teenager. But the designs are really hip and cool.

This magazine is full of ads that is why I consider this an advertising magazine. The ads are just too much in every page that there are just very few and limited articles written on each most of the time. There are few tips and tricks on how-to’s but on every page there are always ads!

Maybe these ads are what making this magazine alive but I suggest the company should write more valuable articles more than ads.

I dnt have any candy magz but fortunately, have friend who happened to be a collector of the candy magz.. her name is Nette and whenever she bought new one I will just ask permission and there I go read and got glued for quite an hour.. =) lol!- yanxz

u'l learn alot like...

From Best Friend to Boyfriend

When BF starts to take on a different meaning, what do you do?

by: Alan Abeleda

posted on January 21, 2010 06:00 pm

The love math can be so much fun when you're a star on primetime TV. It's all about addition, multiplication, and even a little division. Check these out: Vanessa + Dan, Nate + Blair, Serena + Nate, Blair + Chuck.

In real life, as in the reel world, falling in love with your best friend is a set-up every true romantic would call a win/win situation. For starters, that awkward getting-to-know-you phrase is one less major roadblock to contend with. But getting to the point where you call each other "babe" (and I don't mean the lovable pig) and take turn sipping from same glass of iced tea doesn't always happen in a flash. It took the Upper East Siders three seasons before Dan realized (with Olivia's help) he was really in love with V. And Chuck finally getting together with Blair was no walk in the park, so why should it be any easier for you?

But first things first... Before attempting to turn a male friend into a boyfriend, you must first acknowledge that romance can grow between you and him. Can you see yourself holding his hand (and not just to arm wrestle) or kissing him without cringing at the thought?

But admitting that love can happen between really good friends is tough. Proceed with caution or that giant leap of faith might turn into a painful belly flop. When you say "I could fall for (fill in his name)," you've got to mean it. Not because you mom thinks he's great or your girlfriends think he's cute, but because you think he's cool.

Don't misread his buddy language. Being best friends doesn't always come with a free pass to "Sweethearts Ville." Believe me, this is a thought you need to understand before you even dream about becoming his girlfriend.

"But he understands me like no other guy, accepts me for me, and he's always there," you say. But does that give you license to profess your undying love for him? Nope. It's pathetic and the odds of you getting burned are high. Sure, the situation can swing either way: Your bud may get a flash of inspiration and realize he's in love with you too. Either that of you hear him start to say "I really like you, but..." Ouch.

Maybe what he feels for you is a case of brotherly love. Or maybe you're just feeling lonely and bored, and he just happens to be there. If this is the case, you know you both deserve much better than just settling for each other.